Early American coinage (1792 – c. 1837)
The then-fledgling United States Government under the Washington administration minted the first coins in 1792, the half disme, according to legend minted from Martha Washington’s silverware.
The original coinage of the United States Mint came in the denominations Half Cent (1/200 of a dollar), Cent (1/100 of a dollar, or a cent), Half Dime (five cents), Dime (ten cents), Quarter (25 cents), Half Dollar (50 cents), Dollar, Quarter Eagle ($2.50), Half Eagle ($5), and Eagle ($10).
The half cent and cent were made of pure copper, the half dime, dime, quarter, half, and dollar in 90% silver, and the quarter, half and full eagle in .9167 gold (later changed to .8992 in 1834, and then 90% gold in 1837). All of the coins featured Liberty on the front and a bald eagle on the back.
In the early days, often years went by without a certain denomination being minted.
Article Source: en.wikipedia.org